Nepal is the name given to the region of magnificent mountain ranges of the Himalayas and thin stretch of plain lands on its south between the east meridians and the south parallels. The country with elongated rectangle shape lying along the slopes of the mighty Himalayas nearly all along its northern frontiers. Nepal has over 240 peaks above 20,000 ft. above sea level and the queen of these is Sagarmatha (Mount Everest), the highest mountain in the world. The territory of Nepal from east to west is about five hundred miles long and the breadth is between one hundred to one hundred and forty miles. Nepal is well- known all over the world as a land of Gautam Buddha, the light of Asia, who was born in Lumbini grove in sixth century B.C.
Nepal is considered as one of the most ancient countries of the world. The history of Nepal begins with the activities of Ramapithecus, the nearest ancestor of man, who lived in the neighborhood of Butwal about eleven million years ago. The cultural backbone of the country has been formed by diverse ethnic groups that points towards a pluralistic culture with influences coming from far and wide. With the rich heritage of culture and wealth of diversity in religion and ethnic variations, Nepal has been greatly enriched by the valuable arts and antiquities of historical and archaeological significance.